In this series, we will post excerpts from position papers prepared by TeamUSA for the Y8 Summit in London. Enjoy this window into the negotiations!
LEGAL PROTECTION OF NATIONAL SECURITY INTERESTS
The committee will address cyber-security, cross border crimes (including trafficking, unauthorized migration, etc.) and corruption. Cyber-security is an area where collaborative measures and shared understandings can improve national defenses and mitigate threats. The United States views the cyber domain as a critical arena for growth. As the connective cyber tissue expands among and within nations, the world becomes more vulnerable to cyber-crime and digital aggression. Therefore, the United States seeks international solutions to the challenges of cyber crime and aggression.
In confronting the issues in cyberspace, the United States remains committed to several principles. First, nations should prioritize fundamental freedoms when acting to secure their networks. Second, nations should balance cyber policies to protect the privacy interests of users. Third, nations should preserve the free flow of information. The United States will urge for innovative technological solutions to enhance cyber security measures while maintaining an open, level field over which information and data can be exchanged.
Cross-border crimes will serve as an important focus for the G8 Justice Committee. In particular, the committee will seek to articulate guidelines that curb trafficking of illicit materials and persons. Finally, the Justice Committee will address migrant rights and illegal immigration. In resolving issues related to undocumented or unauthorized migrants, the United States asserts the need to protect these persons’ fundamental human rights before and during deportation procedures. Furthermore, the United States will support a collective effort to protect authorized foreign nationals from oppressive or discriminatory state actions.
The G8 Justice Committee will also seek to resolve the legal questions impacted by international political corruption. The United States seeks to revitalize a dialogue with the G8 on controlling corrupt practices in nations around the world.
GLOBAL RESPONSIBILITY FOR THE PROTECTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS
Within this theme, the committee will address the fundamental freedoms and rights of marginalized populations, methods for protecting these persons, and the international community’s “Responsibility to Protect” the same. The most efficient use of the committee’s time will be a clarification of the R2P doctrine so foreign nations can delineate acceptable conditions for intervening on behalf of affected populations. Three core principles together embody the thrust of “R2P.” First, states are responsible for their people’s welfare. Second, the international community is responsible for helping states protect their people. Third, when a state fails to protect its people, the international community must intervene in order to protect the neglected or abused population. The statement also enumerated six criteria that must be fulfilled to justify a military intervention.
There are several questions that remain unresolved and their clarification may prove beneficial for the defenders of freedom and peace around the world. For instance, currently the scope of R2P involves only the commission of crimes within the Rome Statute’s jurisdiction; expansion of R2P’s scope (applying it in the case of natural disasters or cases of violent oppression that do not amount to ethnic cleansing) may help the G8 countries build international consensus for multilateral intervention efforts. Furthermore, the current doctrine’s scope of purpose involves only the protection of abused people; such a narrowly defined purpose excludes other interventions with equally legitimate purposes. The G8 should affirm the expansion of the scope of R2P so it can apply the doctrine to cases in which intervention is deemed prudent.